The origins of Orcus may have lain in Etruscan religion. Orcus was the Roman god of death, the counterpart of the Greek Pluto. Orcus was a punisher of broken oaths. Like the name Hades, "Orcus" could also mean the land of the dead.
J. R. R. Tolkien used the word Orcus for the name of the monstrous orc
in his Lord of the Rings trilogy. David Day describes in "A Tolkien Bestiary" that orcs were ugly creatures, who were afraid of light and were comfortable in dirty holes and underworld caves.
Vanth is a daimon in Etruscan mythology who guides the dead to the underworld. She often appears on tomb paintings and sarcophagi where she is depicted with wings and a torch, and she is frequently shown in the presence of Charun, a guard of the underworld.